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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-32

Correlation between sleep quality and physical activity among school-going children in South Delhi

Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zubia Veqar
Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jsip.jsip_11_21

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Background: Adolescents are going through major lifestyle as well as hormonal changes. To manage the stress of these changes, the first health risk behavior usually exhibited is lack of sleep and reduced physical activity (PA). Aims: The current study was designed to investigate the association among sleep, daytime sleepiness, and PA status of urban school-going children in South Delhi, India. Furthermore, it aims at finding out any existing gender bias (boys vs. girls). Materials and Methods: The study included 72 participants (47 males and 25 females) from a secondary school (11–13 years). The students completed the Physical Activity questionnaires for children, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Results: PA was not associated with sleep quality (r = −0.290) and daytime sleepiness (r = −0.099). Daytime sleepiness was correlated with sleep quality (r = 0.456; P < 0.01). It was further demonstrated that the level of PA of boys was higher than that of girls. Daytime sleepiness is more in girls 7.08 (3.45) than in boys 5.98 (3.18). There is a slight difference in the sleep quality among both genders: 4.44 (1.91) for girls and 4.45 (1.92) for boys. Conclusion: In school-going children from South Delhi, India, poor sleep quality was associated with daytime sleepiness and weakly associated with the level of PA. There exist gender differences in PA and daytime sleepiness between boys and girls. More research is required to confirm the causality between these variables.

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