• Users Online: 138
  • Print this page
  • Email this page


 
 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 54-58

Usefulness of National Service Scheme in physiotherapy curriculum: A mixed-methods study


Department of Community Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Date of Submission16-Dec-2021
Date of Acceptance02-Nov-2022
Date of Web Publication19-Dec-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Snehal Dharmayat
Department of Community Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, VGPC+F23, J.N. Medical College Campus, Nehru Nagar, Belagavi 590010, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jsip.jsip_17_21

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 

Background and Objectives: National Service Scheme (NSS), as an elective subject in higher education, was introduced in the year 2016 by the University Grants Commission (UGC). From being a practical/activity done by students, it was changed to a theory subject. Ascertaining its acceptance and usefulness becomes essential in the process of program evaluation and for implementing curricular reforms. Materials and Methods: Evidence related to students’ awareness of NSS, its importance in the curriculum, and their perception of the subject were obtained from 279 undergraduate and postgraduate physiotherapy students combined and analyzed. Results: 99.6% of students were aware of NSS. 98.99% responded that it was important in the curriculum, whereas 79.2% of participants reported that they would choose it as an elective subject. The common explanations cited by the students included “helping them understand community better” (98.56%) and “helping them become better individuals” (personality development) (98.92%). Conclusion: NSS finds more acceptance as an activity performed by students (community awareness programs) rather than as a theory subject. It has better acceptance among students inclined toward community/social service.

Keywords: Curriculum, NSS, physiotherapy


How to cite this article:
Dharmayat S. Usefulness of National Service Scheme in physiotherapy curriculum: A mixed-methods study. J Soc Indian Physiother 2022;6:54-8

How to cite this URL:
Dharmayat S. Usefulness of National Service Scheme in physiotherapy curriculum: A mixed-methods study. J Soc Indian Physiother [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 5];6:54-8. Available from: http://www.jsip.ac.in/text.asp?2022/6/2/54/364447




  Introduction Top


National Service Scheme (NSS) is an Indian government-sponsored flagship youth public service program under the Ministry of Sports and Youth Affairs launched on September 24, 1969. The program aims at developing student’s personality through community service without bias across institutions and disciplines with the motto “Not me, but You.” The program works to establish a campus-community linkage among young people in colleges, universities and at +2 levels. Students are enrolled as volunteers and are required to complete 240 h of volunteership over a period of 2 years. Various activities are carried out under this program regularly such as health awareness programs, cleanliness drives, afforestation programs, and blood donation programs.[1],[2]

Introduction of NSS as a theory subject was made to inculcate the qualities of community service among students of higher education and to develop socially responsible and sensitive professionals and to popularize its activities by offering it as an elective.[3]

NSS as a theory elective subject in higher education was introduced in the year 2016 as per the directions of the University Grants Commission (UGC). The curriculum was framed by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Govt. of India, based on the recommendations and discussions in the 62nd meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education in 2013.[4],[5] It was spread across six semesters with a single theory paper at the end of one year. This was adopted by most of the universities across the country in all streams of education, from preuniversity/collegiate to higher education.[6],[7],[8],[9] The same was adopted in our parent university and was introduced across disciplines, including Physiotherapy, in 2016 as a part of the existing curriculum

In a literature review conducted on the role of NSS in students’ life, there were few studies available, which were related to its role in creating social responsibility among students, personality development, and in developing social and human values in higher education stream, even in health professions education.[10],[11],[12],[13],[14]

Any reform/change in the curriculum needs to be evaluated before implementation with respect to its need and after implementation to ascertain its usefulness/effectiveness and/or impact on the program and the stakeholders

Recommendations were made for incorporating/integrating NSS in medical education as early as 2014 in order to aid in the overall personality development of health professions education students,[15] but there are no studies or any form of literature available related to its usefulness as a theory subject in higher education or specifically in health professions education. Hence, this study was undertaken to ascertain the usefulness of NSS in physiotherapy curriculum which could be used as a basis for other health professions and to introduce further reforms related to it in the curriculum


  Materials and Methods Top


Objectives

The aim of this study was to study the usefulness/acceptance of NSS as a theory subject in the physiotherapy curriculum using a mixed-methods approach

Procedure

Ethical clearance for the study was obtained from the institutional ethical committee before commencement of the study. For the purpose of data collection, a semi-structured questionnaire with open-ended and dichotomous questions was developed and vetted by experts (university NSS coordinator and fellow program officers of other constituent units). It was administered as a survey to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) students of the Institute. The questions were related to the student’s awareness of NSS, whether they would choose it as an elective subject, whether they felt it was important in the curriculum and helped in developing their personality and imbibing a sense of responsibility to the community, what type of activities would the students want to be conducted under NSS and would they continue to be associated with it in the future

Students from second-year Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) onwards were included in the study as the first-year students in the current academic year were not yet exposed to NSS and its activities. PG students currently pursuing the course at our institute having completed their UG course from other institutes were excluded as the UG Physiotherapy curriculum varies state-wise and could cause a bias in the information provided. Confidentiality of students was ensured by not having provision for the inclusion of the student’s name or any form of identification on the data collection tool

The data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively


  Results Top


A total of 324 participants were found eligible to answer the questionnaire, which included 235 UG and 89 PG students. Among the PGs, 45 participants had completed their UG course from other institutes and hence were excluded as per the selection criteria. A total of 279 responses were finally analyzed

The participant distribution by year of study and gender is presented in [Table 1] and [Table 2].
Table 1: Participant distribution by year of study

Click here to view
Table 2: Gender distribution of participants

Click here to view


Among the participants from the parent institute, 99.6% (279) of them were aware of NSS. 43% had heard about it and had been exposed to it at the school level. 248 (88.88%) participants had NSS as a part of their curriculum at higher education, of which 93% reported that it was taught from 1st year of the course

Majority of participants (98.99%) participants responded that NSS is important in the curriculum, whereas 79.2% of participants reported that they would choose it as an elective subject, if given a choice. Most of the participants (271) reported that they found NSS useful in the curriculum, whereas 93.9% of participants reported that they would recommend NSS as a subject to their juniors. In response to the question about being associated with or working for NSS in the future, 95% of participants reported that they liked working with NSS and 92.11% responded that they would continue to be associated with it in the future [Table 3].
Table 3: Analysis of responses

Click here to view


A thematic analysis of the responses is presented in [Table 4]. The common responses quoted included “helping them understand community better” (98.56%), “helping them become better individuals” (personality development) (98.92%) and “change from routine.”
Table 4: Thematic analysis (qualitative analysis)

Click here to view


In response to inviting suggestions for the kind of programs that need to be conducted under the NSS, participants recommended to conduct more health education programs in the community which would be more pertinent to their study discipline


  Discussion Top


Teaching or delivery of subject content plays a major role in influencing the way a subject is perceived by students. The NSS curriculum that has been adopted includes topics such as Youth and its problems, leadership qualities, community mobilization, National integration, and National youth programs in addition to the history, motto, badge, organization and working of NSS, activities conducted and practical projects to be undertaken by the students which can include their volunteership work. These topics are quite a challenge to teach in the didactic form as they are considered to be “dry” (uninteresting) subjects without much scope of adopting any kind of innovative/novel teaching methods. Not all students prefer such subjects, mainly due to personality differences and inclination toward community service. The results obtained could be attributed to the active involvement of the author who was Program Officer of the institute and the students being active volunteers during the tenure. The qualitative responses provide an indication that NSS as a subject is more acceptable by students inclined toward such activities and they may consider it only if they want a change from the cognitive overload of the core subjects. Another deterrent to its usefulness as a subject could be that it is included as a non-core subject which has only a single paper at the end of the term of 50 marks, passing in which is sometimes not considered mandatory for the overall passing in that year. This creates disinterest among students and therefore maybe the reason why it was not found to have any great impact on the students

Further investigations need to be carried out in order to completely ascertain the impact of the subject on student’s perception of community service and behavior changes as a result of including it in the curriculum which would be a more pertinent and accurate outcome of the reform and would also pave the way to future reforms related to the subject


  Conclusion Top


NSS finds more acceptance as an activity performed by students (community awareness programs) rather than as a theory subject

It has better acceptance among students inclined toward community/social service

Working as a team during the conduct of the activities helps in imbibing team building, leadership qualities and life-skills which are helpful in the overall development of a student

Financial support and sponsorship

Not applicable

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest



 
  References Top

1.
National Service Scheme National Service Scheme | National Service Scheme (nss.gov.in) Available from: http://nss.gov.in/nss-detail-page [Last accessed on 15 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
National Service Scheme Manual, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India, New Delhi 2006. Available from: http://nss.wbut.ac.in/documents/NSS_manual_2006.pdf. [Last accessed on 16 Mar 2021].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Institute of Professional Education & Research NSS in Colleges & Benefits to students. Available from: http://iper.ac.in/2016/02/14/nss-colleges-benefits-nss-students/. [Last accessed on 15 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Available from: www.ugc.ac.in 13th August 2015, 2711471_CABE  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
UGC Sridhar Vivan: Teach NSS as a subject / Updated: Aug 16, Available from: http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/nss/articleshow/48497267.cms. [Last accessed on 20 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Syllabus of National Service Scheme Activities in Engineering Colleges. Available from: http://ktu.edu.in/data/Sylabus%20of%20NSS%20Activities%20in%20KTU.pdf. [Last accessed on 20 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
National Service Scheme in Social Connect. Available from: http://www.marwadiuniversity.ac.in/social-connect-nss/. [Last accessed on 20 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Scheme of Examination & Syllabi of National Service Scheme for Pass/General Courses. Available from: http://www.mdurohtak.ac.in/syllabi/session_2018_19/ug/B.A.%20NSS%20as%20an%20Elective.pdf. [Last accessed on 20 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Sangamesh Menasinakai / TNN / Sep 26, 2015: KUD will introduce NSS as a subject. Available from: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hubballi/kud-will-introduce-nss-as-a-subject/articleshow/49112455.cms. [Last accessed on 20 Apr 2022].  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Deekshitha K. Role of NSS in creating social responsibility at higher education. Intl Jou. of Scie. Resc & Mod Edu (IJSRME) 2016;1:756-60.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Amjad Ali SAA. The role of NSS towards student in higher education. Int J Trend Sci Res Dev 2019;3: 49-52.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Verma VK, Singh A. Role of National Service Scheme (NSS) in Developing Social and Human Values Among Students of Higher Education Available from: http://www.academia.edu/42909324/.......Education. [Last accessed on 16 May 2022].  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Suresh Lal B. Personality Development of the Students through Service Learning: A Study on National Service Scheme (NSS) IJPSS, Vol 5, Issue 6, June 2015 . ISSN:2249-5894. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/277715231_Personality_..../download   Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Khandare KB, Desai P. Effect of NSS (National service scheme) in Developing communication skill and Leadership in Undergraduate students of Ayurveda. JHSE 2016;3:74-7. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/...../download   Back to cited text no. 14
    
15.
Nath B, Kumari R, Kamboj N. National Social Service Scheme: Integration in Medical Education Indian Journal of Community Health. 2014;26. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/..../download  Back to cited text no. 15
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Materials and Me...
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
References
Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed220    
    Printed30    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded11    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]