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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68

Physiotherapy in Neurological Conditions: AB No: 174: Prevalence of Psychosomatic Pain and Its Correlation with Anxiety, Depression and Insomnia in Young Adults � An Observational Study

1 Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pune
2 KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2456-7787.361089

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Background and Purpose: Research has shown that mental health disorders manifest as significant physical health symptoms. Previous studies suggest that individuals with chronic pain are 18 times more likely to suffer than those without pain. Methods: 201 participants in the age group 18-35yrs were selected from various colleges and work places. Participants who complained of having undiagnosed pain for more than 6 months were screened for anxiety, depression and insomnia using self-administered questionnaires. Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), & Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-15) were administered. Analysis: Statistical Package of Social Science version 23 was used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation test were used. Results: PHQ-15 scoring is divided into four categories depending upon the level of somatic symptoms severity. From the 201 samples collected 48.3% fall into minimal category, 33.3% in low category, 13.4 in medium category and 5.0% in high category. Correlational analysis ofNPRS and Patient Health Questionnaire-15 was done with ISI, HAM-A, HAM-D. PHQ_15 correlated well with ISI (r=0.575), HAM-D (r=-0.616), and HAM-A (r=0.544). There was a weak correlation of NPRS with ISI (r=0.396), HAM-D (r=0.351), and HAM-A (r=0.405). All values were significant (p< 0.05). Conclusion: As per the result of the present study done there was a positive correlation seen between psychosomatic pain and anxiety, depression and insomnia; with anxiety showing the maximum prevalence. Implications: The study has revealed a significant relation between psychosomatic pain and anxiety, depression and insomnia. The findings suggested that there is a correlation between pain and the mentioned mental health condition with anxiety having the maximum prevalence rate.

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