Year : 2022 | Volume : 6 | Issue : 2 | Page : 77--78
Physiotherapy in medical conditions, Gynaecological conditions, sleep and cardio-respiratory conditions: AB No: 159: Development and Validation of a Screening Tool to Determine the Prevalence of Urban Women Predisposed to Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Jeyanthi S, Raju K Parasher
Amar Jyoti Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Delhi
Background/Relevance: Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common reproductive endocrinological disorder with broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. In order to address the problem of PCOS it is imperative that we first identify the women that are predisposed to develop PCOS. Aim: To develop and establish content validity of the newly designed self-report questionnaire to identify women with predisposition to polycystic ovary syndrome, also to establish item-reliability (internal consistency) of the self-report Questionnaire. Participants: The content validity was established with a panel of eleven (11) experts. The experts were Gynaecologist, who had minimum of three years of experience in clinical practice/academic experience. The item-reliability was established with hundred (100) healthy females within age group 15–40 years. Materials and methods: The draft questionnaire were formulated by the investigator after extensive literature review and through in depth qualitative interviews. The identified domains were General Health Practices, Menstrual history, Clinical signs of hyperandrogenism, Sleep profile, Physical Activity Profile, Psychological profile, Nutrition / Dietary Profile, sexual function, social function, Perceived Stress. Content validity of the questionnaire was established through Delphi procedure. Then the questionnaire was administered to establish item-reliability. Statistical analysis: The content validity ratio (CVR) was calculated for each item based on the responses of the experts with Lawshe table. The Chronbach’s alpha was calculated for item-reliability by using Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: The domain wise CVR was between 0.85 to 1. Content Validity Index (CVI) was 0.84, which suggest the questionnaire has excellent validity. The Chronbach’s alpha (ICC) was 0.85, which suggest that the questionnaire has very good item-reliabilityConclusion: The questionnaire can be used as an effective valid and reliable tool to identify women with predisposition to PCOS. Implication: This screening tool will create awareness and reduce the prevalence of this reproductive age disorder. Hence, prevent early and late sequel of the syndrome.